Stand assessment should not be conducted until spring seeding is almost complete i.e. around May 20 to 25. This gives winter wheat time to regrow while still allowing time to reseed, if necessary. Brown plants are not necessarily indicative of a dead plant as leaves and roots can die off over winter. Winter wheat regrows from the crown, so dig up plants on a warm day and inspect the crown tissue. White colour and new white root growth is a positive sign of plant survival. The optimum plant density for winter wheat is over 20 plants per square foot. Research shows that stands with 8 plants per square foot can still yield almost 50 bushels per acre if managed appropriately. This is likely due to winter wheat’s tremendous ability to tiller.